Total seven cyclones formed with four attacking India which is the highest amount since 1992. "It intensified into an extremely severe cyclonic storm at 2:30am today. 3. Usually, in the month of October, the Cyclones usually head towards West Bengal and Bangladesh. West Bengal: TMC Chief Mamata Banerjee had made it very clear that corruption within the Trinamool Congress will not be tolerated.That has now been proven; the party has expelled Manoj Singh, the Pradhan of Garalgacha Gram Panchayat in Hoogly district over corruption charges.  During 2015 another modification to the intensity scale took place, with the IMD calling a system with 3-minute maximum sustained wind speeds between 90 and 119 kn (166–221 km/h, 104–137 mph): an extremely severe cyclonic storm. It is also noteworthy that most July storms move along a westerly track. 3", "Chittagong — Bangladesh storm kills 26, injures more than 100", "Monthly Tropical Cyclone Summary for June 1998", https://web.archive.org/web/20091116093857/http://www.imd.gov.in/section/nhac/dynamic/bestpara.xls, Report on Cyclonic Disturbances Over North Indian Ocean During 1999, "India cyclone weakens, but still 'a threat, "India: Cyclone - Information Bulletin n.1", "Panel on Tropical Cyclones - Annual Review 2002", "Monthly Global tropical Cyclone Summary November 2002", "Report on Cyclonic Disturbances Over North Indian Ocean During 2006", "NASA - Hurricane Season 2009: Bijli (Northern Indian Ocean)", "21 killed, over a lakh hit as cyclone Aila strikes", http://www.imd.gov.in/section/nhac/dynamic/RSMC-2009.pdf, http://metnet.imd.gov.in/mausamdocs/26313.pdf, "From Laila to Vardah, cyclones that have hit India in recent times", "Odisha estimates flood damage at Rs 218.72 cr | Sambad English", "West Bengal floods: Death toll rises to 95 as Mamata Banerjee assures relief to affected areas - India News , Firstpost", "Depression causes heavy rain in west Bengal", "Depression over Bay of Bengal caused heavy rain in Hyderabad", "Depression over Bay of Bengal caused heavy rain in Orissa, Kills 3", "Odisha classifies heavy rain as State-specific disaster", "Depression over Bay causes heavy rain in Orissa", http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/kerala/2017/dec/14/cyclone-ockhi-over-600-fishermen-of-tamil-nadu-kerala-still-missing-1727075.html, "Over 1000 families evacuated as Yamuna continues flowing above danger mark", "Titli toll 77; missing cases under lens - OrissaPOST", https://www.aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/india-death-toll-from-cyclone-fani-climbs-to-64/1476487, "Gujarat: Six killed, 2 injured in 3 districts ahead of Vayu landfall | India News, The Indian Express", "3 killed, 2 missing in Odisha due to floods | Sambad English", "TN: Fisherman killed in cyclone off Oman laid to rest in home town | Madurai News - Times of India", "Seasonal sting in the tail; Protracted rains led to rise in dengue, dengue-like illnesses Health experts", http://www.rsmcnewdelhi.imd.gov.in/images/bulletin/rsmc.pdf, "Tropical Cyclone Matmo is reborn as Bulbul", "Highlights: Cyclone Weakened, May Enter Madhya Pradesh From Its Southern Parts, Says Weather Department", http://www.rsmcnewdelhi.imd.gov.in/images/pdf/publications/preliminary-report/nisarga.pdf, "At least 50 die due to rain, floods in Telangana; 27 in Maharashtra", "Revisiting the super cyclone that hit Odisha in 1999", "Cyclone Amphan caused an estimated $13.2 billion in damage: government source", "November 25, 1839: Coringa is destroyed by a cyclone | Knappily", http://docs.lib.noaa.gov/rescue/cd024_pdf/005ED280.pdf, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tropical_cyclones_in_India&oldid=999525896, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing rewrite from January 2021, Articles needing additional references from October 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing cleanup from October 2020, Articles with sections that need to be turned into prose from October 2020, Articles to be expanded from October 2020, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. “Disaster-prone areas like Mousuni are almost like punchbags,” said Sanjay Vashist, director of Climate Action Network, South Asia. The first big shock came on May 25, 2009, when Cyclone Aila made landfall at latitude 22.00 degrees north, longitude 88.00 degrees east. For Prelims: A brief overview of recent cyclones and their origins. Find West Bengal Cyclone Latest News, Videos & Pictures on West Bengal Cyclone and see latest updates, news, information from NDTV.COM. By one estimate, about 1.5 million sharecroppers of south Bengal had lost their produce. List for Howrah. Heavy rainfall and floods come next in order of devastation. , The United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center also monitors the basin, and issues warnings on significant tropical cyclones on behalf of the United States Government, also assigning them TC numbers as in all other basins above (albeit in an unofficial manner for this and subsequent basins; cyclones originating in the Arabian Sea are assigned suffix "A" while those in the Bay of Bengal get suffix "B"). During the same period 48 tropical cyclones crossed the West Coast, of which 24 were severe cyclonic storms. Kyarr and Maha 2019 (Vayu and Hikka) Ranjita Mondal, from the adjoining village of Kusumtala, also lost her house twice. , Historically, a system has been classified as a depression if it is an area where the barometric pressure is low compared with its surroundings. List for Hooghly. If you want to stand beside the affected people amid such a dual crisis, then here is a detailed list of organisations and individuals who have started relief efforts across the state in a war footing. A catastrophe of this scale has never been witnessed before. West Bengal, the leading State in paddy production, had suffered a great blow. Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal with a population of more than 14 million people, lay in the cyclone’s path as it made landfall along the India-Bangladesh frontier on Wednesday night. The list shows 93% of the 6,500-odd families in the island and 80% of houses were affected twice. The movement of cyclones which forms over the central part of the Bay of Bengal is usually in West-Northwest or Northwest direction towards Andhra Pradesh and Odisha coast. The MeT department stated that Cyclone Amphan, formed in the Bay of Bengal with Odisha and West Bengal in its crosshairs, is likely to become a super cyclone in 12 hours. All four have been affected twice over,” said Debesh Manna, an elderly resident who owns two betel leaf plantations. They are generally confined to the region between 20°N and 25°N and re-curvature to the Himalayan foothills is comparatively rare. Parts of West Bengal and Orissa (also known as Odisha) states in India, and areas in south-west Bangladesh, bore the brunt, with winds gusting up to 185km/h (115mph). India experienced five cyclonic storms in 2020, as against the eight encountered in the previous year. What else is different now? For north Indian Ocean including Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea, the RSMC, New Delhi assigns the name to tropical cyclones following a standard procedure. The very next day after the identification, the BOB 03 hit the north Odisha-West Bengal coastline and caused huge destruction of the lives and property. It made landfall at the equivalent to a Category 3 Hurricane on Andhra Pradesh on May 9. For more information about how we handle your data, please read our Privacy Notice, Life is increasingly dangerous on Mousuni in the Sundarbans, which has been dealt consecutive blows by cyclones Bulbul and Amphan, A house completely devastated in the aftermath of Cyclone Amphan [image: Avishek Das / SOPA Images / ZUMA Wire/ Alamy Live News]. The season was above average with five cyclones forming with two Indian landfall and one threatening the coast of India. This maximised the impact and damage,” said Saral Das, a local community worker. After Amphan, about 65 families have now had to shift again,” observed an elderly resident. “Our house was badly damaged during Bulbul. The other season to do so was 2012. The MeT department stated that Cyclone Amphan, formed in the Bay of Bengal with Odisha and West Bengal in its crosshairs, is likely to become a super cyclone in 12 hours. Should a cyclonic storm move into the basin from the Western Pacific then it will keep its original name. As per the MeT department, Amphan, which was present over central parts of South Bay of Bengal and the central Bay of Bengal moved northwards before intensifying into a super cyclonic storm. “Close to 1,500 families have been displaced from vulnerable pockets of Baliara, Kusumtala and Bagdanga in the past 15 years; many, multiple times.  Other classifications historically used include: cyclonic storm where the winds did not exceed force 10 on the Beaufort scale and a Cyclone where the winds are either force 11 and 12 on the Beaufort scale. The season includes the most intense cyclone ever recorded in North Indian Ocean basin on record. Now, this list of 64 cyclone names proposed back in September 2004 is about to get exhausted, ... RSMC, New Delhi is also responsible for naming cyclones over the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. “They keep taking punches and often don’t get the chance to recover.”. The location of landfall is discussed at this stage. Bulbul affected one, Amphan destroyed the other. Even the land used to bury the dead has not been spared,” said Sakina Bibi of Baliara. The very next day after the identification in October, the BOB 03 hit the north Odisha-West Bengal coastline and caused minimal destruction of the lives and property. 3100 -F(P2) has released the General List of Holidays for the year 2021 . The picture is bleak for homes hit by the double blow. PM Modi surveyed affected regions in West Bengal and … Cyclone Kyant formed in the month of October but well remained offshore in Bay of Bengal.  A fresh list of names has been prepared and will be used in alphabetical order for storms after Amphan. More cyclones form in the Bay of Bengal than in the Arabian Sea. Those who did not own land worked as farm labourers. Meanwhile, people have gone back to lanterns and the few solar microgrids that preceded the arrival of the national grid. “The [landfall] points are quite close,” said Sanjib Banerjee, deputy director-general at India Meteorological Department’s regional centre in Kolkata. The cyclone has claimed at least 106 lives, leaving a trail of destruction in WB, Odisha and Bangladesh. 31 October, 1831: Very Severe Cyclonic Storm: Crossed Odisha Coast near Balasore, Loss of life-50,000: 3. Cyclone Bulbul was a very severe cyclonic storm that hit the West Bengal in India. See: Rising sea swamps island along Bengal coast. List for North 24 Parganas. Cyclone Amphan: India’s first major cyclone of 2020, Super Cyclonic Storm Amphan caused major damage in West Bengal, as well in the neighbouring country of Bangladesh. This state has a diverse range of flora and fauna. As it moved inland it weakened and dissipated on May 10. However, due to the lack of any such presence between the Pacific and the Bay, cyclonic winds easily move into the Bay of Bengal. “Though the external displacement [away from the island] is still limited, the internal displacement within Mousuni is very high,” said Danda. The season was near normal with four cyclones forming with two making landfall over India. “Though the state government is doing what it can, we need national and international support not only to reconstruct the Sundarbans but also to minimise damage in case of future disasters,” said Javed Ahmed Khan, West Bengal’s minister in charge of disaster management. The island is located in the southwestern corner of the Sundarbans, the world’s largest mangrove forest on the shore of the Bay of Bengal. Depression BOB 04 was formed on August 6 which made landfall in the state of, Cyclonic Storm BOB 02 formed on October 14 in Bay of Bengal and made landfall near. Each one of us must come forward and work shoulder to shoulder to save the state from this situation. 9. By July, the Bay storms form north of 18°N and west of 90°E. We need to push for more support for the affected people through the international mechanism,” said Harjeet Singh, global climate lead of Action Aid. Since then, the land has been unable to support all its people. Mousuni is a small island in West Bengal, India, at latitude 21.66 degrees north, longitude 88.30 degrees east. Cyclone Amphan, one of the worst storms over the Bay of Bengal in years, has killed 12 people in West Bengal, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee … As the crow flies, or the wind blows, Amphan, Bulbul and Aila all made landfall within 25 km of Mousuni. Nisarga: Within just two weeks of Amphan, Cyclone Nisarga struck the Indian subcontinent. There are two definite peaks of tropical cyclones in the North Indian Ocean. 'Amphan,' pronounced as 'Um-pun,' means sky and was suggested by Thailand in 2004. 2-5 October,1864: Very Severe Cyclonic Storm “We have four assets: dhaan [rice], paan [betel leaves], sabji [vegetables] and maachh [fish]. The season was the first instance when naming of storms over North Indian Ocean basin has begun with Cyclone Onil formed in the month of September. When out at sea, Cyclone Amphan became a super cyclone because the surface temperature of the Bay of Bengal was at a record high.  However, a change was made during 1988 to introduce the category "severe cyclonic storm with core of hurricane winds" for tropical cyclones, with wind speeds of more than 64 kn (74 mph; 119 km/h). Issued 72 hours in advance, it discusses the likelihood of development of a cyclonic disturbance in the north Indian Ocean and the coastal region likely to experience adverse weather. Engineers estimate it may be months before the power lines are restored. A powerful cyclone Amphan that tore into West Bengal has killed 72 people and completely devastated two districts, even as Kolkata and several parts … West Bengal, Odisha flooded as cyclone Amphan wreaks havoc The toll in India from the cyclone, including the two dead in Odisha on Wednesday, stood at 74 at the time of going to print. Universities in West Bengal - Find a list of best universities in West Bengal with location map, address, email-id and website details here. Last year, Cyclone Fani hit Odisha in May, killing more than 70 people in Odisha and West Bengal. But depressions formed in this season were the deadliest. The Bay of Bengal has a notorious reputation for producing deadly tropical cyclones.  Between 1924 and 1988, tropical cyclones were classified into four categories: depression, deep depression, cyclonic storms and severe cyclonic storms. The island is located in the southwestern corner of the Sundarbans, the world’s largest mangrove forest on the shore of the Bay of Bengal. The season was near normal with four cyclones forming and not even a single cyclone making landfall over India. On December 1 st, the Calcutta High Court directed the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India to audit the distribution of relief to those affected by the Amphan Cyclone in West Bengal. Learn how your comment data is processed. Super cyclone Amphan is expected to make landfall on the coast on West Bengal and Bangladesh on Wednesday evening. Here is the list of strong tropical cyclones in India including Cyclone Thane, Cyclone Mora, Cyclone Megh, Cyclone Jal,Cyclone Roanu,Cyclone Lehar, Cyclone Nargis, Cyclone Mala and Cyclone Giri. In recent decades, the sea level has risen continuously. The season was near normal with four cyclones forming and one making landfall over India. The season was above average with four cyclones forming with one Tropical Storm Vamei entering from the West Pacific ocean making a total of five cyclones. The season was near normal with four cyclones forming and two making landfall over India. The season was above average with six cyclones forming and three making landfall over India and one threatened the coast. Total seven cyclones formed with one cyclone Tropical Storm Pabuk crossing from the West Pacific basin.  In May 2020, the naming of Cyclone Amphan exhausted the original list of names established in 2004. Now you can download Voter List 2020 West Bengal in PDF format. The season was above average with five cyclones forming with two Indian landfall. Later in the month of November, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha are vulnerable to these cyclones. The season was near normal with four cyclones forming but the season has no Indian landfall at cyclone intensity or more which is rare. As such, the eastern coast is more prone to cyclones and about 80 percent of the total cyclones generated in the Indian Ocean strike the east coast of India. Records at the block’s office show that Baliara has lost over half of its 19.25 sq. 7-12 October,1737: Super Cyclone: Crossed West Bengal Coast over Sunderbans: 2. The one lucky break during Amphan was that the storm made landfall at low tide, so the sea’s waves were not as high as they might have been. A depression formed in the Bay of Bengal and Indian Meteorological Department named in BOB 03. Odisha informed that … India is a country in the North Indian Ocean that is the most vulnerable to getting hit by tropical cyclones in the basin, from the east or from the west.On average, 2–3 tropical cyclones make landfall in India each year, with about one being a severe tropical cyclone or greater. Death toll due to Cyclone Amphan in West Bengal now 98: CM. The season was first in the series of three consecutive years of above average activity. A woman purchases vegetables in a … The same records show that 68% of people in Baliara live below the poverty line. At least one man from just about every household in Mousuni has had to find work elsewhere in India – as labourers in factories, construction sites or farms; as security guards, gardeners, rickshaw pullers, restaurant cooks and waiters and managers. Staff Writer (May 21, 1998). The remittances Mousuni’s emigrants sent not only supported their parents, wives and children. “This is mainly due to significant rise of the sea surface temperature since the end-1990s.”. Only brick houses with concrete roofs survived.”. Out of the cyclones that develop in the Bay of Bengal, over 58 percent approach and cross the East Coast in October and November.  The system will be classified as a cyclonic storm and assigned a name by the IMD, if it should develop gale-force wind speeds of between 34 and 47 kn (39–54 mph; 62–88 km/h). Deep Depression BOB 03 was formed on July 27 which was weak depression with minimal damage.  During 1999 the categories Very Severe Cyclonic Storm and Super Cyclonic Storm were introduced, while the severe cyclonic storm with a core of hurricane winds category was eliminated. The Governor is also pleased to notify that the offices under the Government of West Bengal with the exception of the offices of the Registrar of Assurances, Kolkata and Collector of the Stamp Revenue, Kolkata shall be closed on the days as specified at List II below which are not declared to be public holidays, during the year 2021. 9. May 22, 2020 15:39 (IST) May 22, 2020 14:04 (IST) Then Amphan blew it away,” said Muslima Bibi, a resident of Baliara, Mousuni’s southernmost village. One of the many broken homes in Mousuni [Image by: Medha Basu], “Almost 85% of around 6,500 houses on the island were badly damaged during Amphan,” Manna told The Third Pole. The destructive effect of cyclonic storms is confined to coastal districts and the maximum destruction being within 100 km from the centre of the cyclones. “Most of the large trees were uprooted by Bulbul. Pre-monsoon cyclone, which causes wide spread hailstorm and it is traditionally called n the state as Kalbaishaki. Date/Year : Category of Cyclone : Landfall and loss: 1. I do not know what more is in store for us.”. Most casualties are caused by flooding on the coast from tidal waves and storm surges. Usually, in the month of October, the Cyclones usually head towards West Bengal and Bangladesh. Depression BOB 02 formed on October 23 and remained quasi-stationary near Andhra Pradesh coast. • The 1990 Andhra Pradesh cyclone formed on 4 May 1990. The season was below average with only three cyclones forming with only one making landfall over India. West Bengal. The cyclone killed 967 people and caused $600 million (1990 USD) in damages. This season was the first instance when there were no cyclones intensified further than Cyclonic Storm. The Kusumtala and Bagdanga mauzas are sinking, as well as part of the Mousuni mauza.” A mauza is a term used by the local administration to delineate a piece of land that can be as large as a neighbourhood or a small village. And then came Amphan, with Mousuni in the eye of the storm for the second time in just over six months. Cyclone Amphan – 2020 Cyclone Amphan is a very powerful tropical cyclone of 2020 raising over the Bay of Bengal around the state of Odisha and West Bengal in India. Cyclone Bulbul. Cyclone Amphan made landfall on the West Bengal Coast with wind speed of 110-120 kmph in Kolkata on Wednesday. Mousuni’s panchayat has listed the damage caused by Amphan, as it did after Bulbul. , The IMD issues warnings in four stages for the Indian coast. As of July 31, 2020, Kolkata has a total of 37 containment zones, … Cyclone Amphan made landfall in the coastal areas of the state at around 2.30 pm on Wednesday. 150mm of rainfall was recorded in Paradip. Death toll due to Cyclone Amphan in West Bengal now 98: CM She has strictly instructed her party leaders & administration relief has to reach the people who have been affected due to Amphan. The majority of its roughly 30,000 residents live in mud huts, with roofs made of thatch, tiles, tin or asbestos. The Great Bhola Cyclone in November 1970 killed at least 300,000 people in modern-day Bangladesh. Almost all storms in the Bay of Bengal have their genesis between 16°N and 21°N and west of 92°E in June. Only 25 % of the cyclones that develop over the Arabian Sea approach the West Coast. West Bengal State List Of Holidays 2021 . List for East Midnapore. Despite residents asking repeatedly for embankments, many parts of the island are still without them. Effective Date: 1st Jan, 2021. Cyclone Amphan made landfall on May 20, 2020 at latitude 21.65 degrees north, longitude 88.3 degrees east. Unless otherwise stated, this work is under Creative Commons' Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 England & Wales License. See: People rush back to the Sundarbans, untested. Here is the list of all the containment zones in 14 districts of West Bengal as per the latest list released by the West Bengal government: List for Kolkata. The death toll in Super Cyclone Amphan in West Bengal increased to 72, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee said on Thursday. The season despite being under powerful El Nino which was near normal with four cyclones forming, but the season haven't feature even a single Indian landfall. The strongest embankments in Mousuni did save some farms and ponds from saltwater. West Bengal is undergoing one of the darkest days in history with Supercyclone Amphan striking the state amid the aggravating COVID-19 pandemic. Maximum penetration of severe storm surges varies from 10 to 20 km inland from the coast. Another storm threatened the coast of India. In some cases, they enabled a change from mud to brick walls for the home, from thatch to a tin or even asbestos roof. Issued 48 hours in advance of the commencement of adverse weather over the coastal areas. On average, 2–3 tropical cyclones make landfall in India each year, with about one being a severe tropical cyclone or greater. In May, Cyclone Amphan left a trail of devastation in West Bengal and Odisha. After Amphan, residents say there is no point repeating the same housing schemes. Here are some major cyclones to have occurred in India since 2019: 1. The season was near normal with four cyclones forming and two making landfall over India.  The lowest official classification used in the North Indian Ocean is a Depression, which has 3-minute sustained wind speeds of between 17 and 27 kn (20–31 mph; 31–49 km/h). This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Cyclone Bulbul made landfall on November 9, 2019 at latitude 21.55 degrees north, longitude 88.5 degrees east. But only one makes landfall over India and another threatening the coast. Mousuni is part of Namkhana block (a number of blocks make a district, a number of districts a state). The season was third consecutive year of above average activity as five cyclones formed this year with three making landfall over India. Stronger cyclones are the most dramatic impact of climate change in Mousuni, but not the only one. The season was near normal with four cyclones forming and three making landfall over India. But the remittances came to a sudden halt at the end of March, as millions of informal wage earners lost their incomes due to the lockdown forced by the Covid-19 pandemic. The season was near normal with four cyclones forming and all of them affecting India. The season was below average with three cyclones forming but only one making landfall over India. Only 25 % of the cyclones that develop over the Arabian Sea approach the West Coast. Thousands return home in wake of killer cyclone in Bangladesh, List of Tropical cyclones that affected India, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Tropical Cyclones in India: Notes on Tropical Cyclones in India", "Tropical Cyclone Operational Plans | World Meteorological Organization", https://weather.com/en-IN/india/news/news/2020-04-30-imd-releases-new-list-cyclone-names-over-north-indian-ocean, Tropical Cyclone Operational Plan for the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea 2015, Best track data of tropical cyclonic disturbances over the north Indian Ocean, "Bangladesh: Cyclone Information Bulletin No. Subhas Acharya, an expert on the Sundarbans, pointed out that the houses built under government-supported schemes were also affected, as people were not given enough money to build concrete roofs. West Bengal’s Howrah topped the list of the most polluted cities in India on Wednesday. 2. As the majority of Cyclones over the Bay of Bengal weaken over land after landfall, the frequency of migration into Arabian Sea is low. However, officials say, the worst is now over for the state as Amphan has made landfall in neighbouring West Bengal.There were turbulent conditions on Wednesday for about seven hours, and the “damage has not been too bad”, an official said.